I've been studying Chinese for several years now, but mostly just as a hobby. However, since moving to Shanghai, I've been putting a lot more energy into my language studies. I can now have a simple conversation with the dumpling guy & get the maintenance man to turn the electricity back on in my apartment.
I'm even getting kudos from ChinesePod, a really cool website with great langauge learning tools.
这是我朋友写给我的信。zhe4 shi4 wo3 peng2 you3 xie3 gei3 wo3 de xin4.
Word-by-word translation: This is my friend write give me 's letter.
More natural translation: This is the letter that my friend wrote to (give) me.
It looks like a relative clause in English turns into an adjective clause in Chinese. Who'da thunk it?